Surgical Mask 1- Bacterial filtration efficiency (BFE) 2- Breathability (delta P) 3- Splash Resistance feature (Synthetic Blood) 4- Microbial Cleaning 5- Biocompatibility.
What is Surgical Mask; It is a medical device that becomes a protective condition by covering the mouth, nose and chin. It provides a protected area that limits the transition between Hospital Staff and Patient. It was originally designed for Hospital Employees to protect Patients from the nasopharynx from the mouth of hospital staff and large droplets of microorganisms thrown out during surgery. These masks have a filtering and protective feature.
If we come to the basic and biggest purpose of wearing a surgical mask; It is to protect the user's direct environment from contamination. Manufacturers have to characterize and classify these masks on the European Market, I and II, and the level 1, 2, 3 for the American market.
Surgical Masks in Europe must wear the CE mark and comply with the requirements defined in EN 14683: Medical Facial Masks, Requirements and test methods.
Regarding the performances, the Mask must be tested and must comply with different requirements.
Classification of Masks in 4 Classes is based on the results obtained from the following tests.
1- Bacterial filtration efficiency (BFE)
2- Breathability (delta P)
3- Splash Resistance feature (Synthetic Blood)
4- Microbial Cleaning
Surgical Masks both act as a protective barrier for the use in daily life situations and also provide you with a sterile breathing facility with your usefulness and breathing.